Research Methodology






Research Design

This study is using a qualitative approach via employed the case study as a research method. According to (Merriam, 1998), case study method is an instructional system whereby the main inputs of case study are showed to students for problem-solving experiences or illustrative purposes. Besides that, case studies also act as one of the teaching devices and become so popular in business, law and medicine. Other than that, case studies method has been widely implemented in the social science and has been found so meaningful and valuable in the practice-oriented fields such as public administration, social work, education and even management (Starman, 2013). Furthermore, (Zainal, 2007) explained that case studies are believed so effective in research because enable the researcher to examine the information that they gathered at the micro level. Basically, the choice of a case study project depends upon what are the main things that researcher wants to know. For instance, in this research, the case study is chosen to be the method which helps to understand the processes involved and also to discover the characteristics, the contexts, the issues and many more (Merriam, 1998). Thus, by implementing the case study will enhance and transform the practice of self-individual within the group of social situation with students, teachers, parents, administrator and other people who concerned about it.

Sample & Sampling Techniques

After the sample has been chosen, the next vital stage for researcher is to recognize the population involved in the research. For the students’ population in the study, it will be divided into two categories who were actually from form 5 students that took the visual arts stream and form 5 students who took the pure science stream in classroom. In addition, there were two trainees teachers involved in the research project too. Besides that, the focus of the study location was limited to the SMK Seksyen 16, Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan. There were two reasons why researcher has selected this school; Firstly because of the school very active in producing the 3D Mural Paintings. Secondly the role of visual arts teacher like Mr.Donze who had higher determination and eager to change the negative sceptical views about the school during 1990’s era by successfully creating the 3D Mural Paintings since 2012, working with a team of students and teachers (SinarHarian, 2016).

The samples of students selected were 13 students from form 5 students and this sample selection was under the purposive sampling. Referring to (Neuman, 2014) subject selection is described as the criteria and standards used for the determination of the suitability of the inclusion of subjects in research protocol. This study applied non-random sampling strategies procedures to choose respondents. Non-random sampling is a systematic sample that obtained by selecting every nth name in a population (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2003). In this research study, the researcher decided to choose non-random sampling due to samples selected are easier to obtain and the accessibility of the respondents itself.

Moreover, the method used was a purposive sampling whereby it can be defined as sample selected because the individuals have special qualifications of some sort, or because of prior evidence of representativeness (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2003). Therefore, the researcher selected purposive sampling which is the intention to focus on the two categories of students in the secondary school. Other than that, the reason why researcher selected the samples because considering students learning experiences in visual arts education since primary school and secondary school; in secondary school during students in form one until form three. All of the feedbacks from respondents such as interviews, observation and document analysis will be evaluated wholly.

Research Matrix for Qualitative Approach

Research Procedures

There are several steps of research procedures need to follow by researcher especially in handling the research activities with aim that project will runs smoothly without any interference or interruption by other communities in school. The research procedures of this study are as follows:

  1. Getting two types of official letter from Education Office in Puncak Alam. The letters are; the confirmation as the student of Universiti Teknologi Mara and a letter of permission to gain knowledge from the experts people about the research project.
  2. Appointment with the visual arts teacher which is Mr.Donze at the visual arts studio in Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seksyen 16 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan.
  3. Researcher’s preparing the proposal for creating 3D Mural Paintings in school. After checked by Mr.Donze, the proposal has been rejected due to the theme of mural design not really applicable with the current issues happened in school nowadays. With the helped and guided by him, he has shared his ideas and together with researcher’s suggestion producing new theme for the mural project.
  4. Getting a permission from the principal and also assistant principal of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seksyen 16 Shah Alam about the research project. Both peoples agreed and approved the paper work proposal and give fully trustworthy to Mr.Donze to handle the project with the researcher.

Data Collection and Data Analysis

All processes of collecting information from interviews, observation and document analysis have been managed by researcher herself. The information gathered by researcher were analysed and categorized precisely. Besides that, every progress of creating the 3D Mural Paintings will be observed and recorded. All data from observation, document analysis and interviews were analysed and interpreted following with these processes (Creswell, 2012). There were six steps involved in the qualitative interpretation and data analysis. The first step is researcher needs to organize and prepare the data for analysis. At this stage, it will consist of transcribing the interviews, organizing the information and typing the field notes. For the next step is researcher has to code the data and explore it. At this level, researcher learnt about reducing the image and the text of the database especially in giving descriptions or themes to the places, events or people. Researcher also has to examine line by line in details what are the code label involved for every of the text segment. Then the next step codes were applied in grouped acts as key findings in the study. From the data analysis, researcher will represent the findings in visual techniques such as comparison tables, figures, demographic tables or even diagrams.

Moreover, the report findings later will be discussed in narrative ways such as questions, chronology, and even commentary of respondents experience in the study. Based on the reporting findings, the interpretation will be in personal views, the distinction between literature and findings, limitation suggestions and the recommendation for future research. For the final stage, to validate the accuracy of the findings in the research, researcher will utilizes one of the validation procedures such as triangulation. According to (Yeasmin & Rahman, 2012), triangulation is the method of corroborating evidences from types of data, different individuals and methods of data collection in qualitative study. For the social sciences, the triangulated techniques are useful especially for cross-checking, completeness and provide confirmation which can achieve the ‘balance’ either two or more types of study. By utilizing this triangulation will ensure that the research is accurate due to many sources of information, processes and individual participated in the research.

Data Collection Methods